A graphene diode with bias-induced barrier modulation
Sensoren, Geräte und Komponenten
We offer a new graphene-TiOx-Ti (Gr-TiOx-Ti) diode that fulfills the requirements mentioned above. Our Gr-TiOx-Ti diode features a high asymmetry, a large nonlinearity and a high on-current density. In contrast to MIM diodes, graphene-insulator-metal (GrIM) diodes allow the modulation of the graphene work function and correspondingly the transport barrier height by the bias applied between the graphene and a metal electrode that are separated by an ultrathin layer. The comparison of the proposed operation principle of the GrIM diode with that of a conventional MIM diode is shown in Fig. 1.
A key feature that allows exploiting the internal barrier height modulation is the TiOx insulating barrier, which implements a large barrier for holes combined with a low barrier for electron transport. The diode consists of the first electrically conductive graphene monolayer that allows the extensive modulation of the corresponding work function.
The I-V characteristics of our Gr-TiOx-Ti diode acquired between the four layer-thick graphene sheet and the Ti electrode as well as the effect of temperature on the diode behavior are shown in Fig. 2.
The I-V characteristics display a diode-like behavior with a high current under negative bias and a low current under positive bias. The asymmetry reaches up to 9000 (at 1 V) and a corresponding nonlinearity of 8. The performance of the GrIM diode increases with the modulation rate of the barrier potential as a function of applied bias. Accordingly, the diode performance should increase when the thickness of the graphene electrode and TiO2 layer decreases. For both the positive and the negative bias regime, the current decreases notably with decreasing temperature as shown in Fig. 2e. Likewise, the temperature dependence of the diode asymmetry exhibits a fast decrease upon cooling (Fig. 2f).
- Internal modulation of the transport barrier height as a new device operation concept
- High asymmetry (up to 9000 at 1 V), large nonlinearity (up to 8 at 1 V) and high on-current density (0.1 A/cm2 at 1 V) of the diode
- Balancing of the thermionic and tunneling current
- Usability as a component of high frequency rectenna devices
Urcuyo R., Duong D. L., Jeong H. Y., Burghard M., Kern K. (2016). "High Performance Graphene–Oxide–Metal Diode through Bias-Induced Barrier Height Modulation." Adv. Electron. Mater., 2: 1600223. doi: 10.1002/aelm.201600223
PCT patent application filed in April 2016.
- Ref.-No.: 1201-5155-BC (783,4 KiB)
Dr. Bernd Ctortecka, M. Phil.
Senior Patent- & Lizenzmanager
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